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CSS Specificity

Many time different CSS rules overlap on one or more element. And some people always get confuse about, which rule will take higher priority then other and why? CSS Specificity is the answer of all these kind of questions.
As the name suggest, the CSS rule which is more specific to the element will take higher priority then other. Means something like “#some_id{}” will always take higher priority then “*{}” universal selector.  And if duplicate rules are define then the last rule will be applied to the element.

The following list of selectors is by increasing specificity:
Type selector (e.g., div) and pseudo-elements in selector (e.g., :after) Class selectors (e.g., .some_class), attributes selectors (e.g., [type=”radio”]) and pseudo-class selector (e.g., :hover) Id selectors (e.g., #some_id)


ID takes higher priority then Class, Type and Universal selector (Note: Universal selector has no effect on specificity, see below special conditions). 



If duplicate rules are given, then last…
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How to store user password at server!!!

Trick is, you should never store user password… never ever.


Now the real question is, then how to authenticate and authorize the user with password. And answer is when user enter the password, we should encrypt the password and store the hints.

So next time when user enter the password we follow the same process and compare hints, if both hints are same then password is matched, else it is wrong password.

Next question will be, what kind of hints, and how to generate these hints.
In simple term hints are the obfuscated and fragmented form of user password. And very important part is hints generation process, which have to be collision resistant, means there will be very less possibility to find the data which generate same hints (like Cryptographic hashing functions).

Below is the simple checklist of password hashing and storing, which you should always keep in mind.





PS
You're Probably Storing Passwords IncorrectlyStoring Passwords - done right!"Serious Security: How to st…

ERROR: Ignored call to 'alert()'. The document is sandboxed, and the 'allow-modals' keyword is not set.

Recently I found this issue while writing code snippet in "JSFiddle". And after searching, found this was happening because of new feature added in "Chrome 46+". But at the same time Chrome doesn't have support for "allow-modals" property in "sandbox" attribute.

Chromium issue for above behavior:
https://codereview.chromium.org/1126253007

To make it work you have to add "allow-scripts allow-modals" in "sandbox" attribute, and use "window.alert" instead of "alert".



<!-- Sandbox frame will execute javascript and show modal dialogs --> <iframe sandbox="allow-scripts allow-modals" src="iframe.html"> </iframe>


Feature added: Block modal dialog inside a sandboxed iframe.
Link: https://www.chromestatus.com/feature/4747009953103872

Feature working Demo page:
https://googlechrome.github.io/samples/block-modal-dialogs-sandboxed-iframe/index.html



JavaScript: Next Unique ID Function

Unique ID generation is used in JavaScript application in many places. For example giving the unique id to DOM element or may be using it to some data structure for storing in memory, where it can be use latter.



Most of the implementation I see is just defining the integer and increasing it on every call. But it is potentially candidate to integer overflow issue, which can cause errors in many edge case scenario.



var nextUid = (function(){ var idCounter = 0; //integer counter return function (prefix) { //counter increment on every call, and it can run into integer overflow issue var id = ++idCounter; return String(prefix == null ? '' : prefix) + id; } })();


When I was reading through AngularJS source code, found this really good implementation of unique ID generation. Below is the extracted and updated version of the same, so you can use it independently.



/** A consistent way of creating unique IDs in angular. The ID is a sequence of alpha numeri…

JavaScript: Utility function to default function in parameters

Recently I came across a interesting discussion on reddit. And that was about a utility function which will give you flexibility to define default function in parameters.

I found it very interesting, so wrote one for me.

/* in param: defaultArg1, defaultArg2, .... function return : function */ var defaultParams = function(){ var args = arguments, len = args.length, fn = args[--len], defaultArg = []; if(typeof fn !== 'function'){ throw new Error('invalid arguments'); } while(len--){ defaultArg[len] = args[len]; } return function(){ var args = arguments, fnlen = fn.length, params = []; while(fnlen--){ params[fnlen] = args[fnlen] == null ? defaultArg[fnlen] : args[fnlen]; } return fn.apply(this, params); } } //how to use var alert_my_age = defaultParams(21, function(age) { console.log(age); }) alert_my_age() //#=> Alerts 21 alert_my_age(45) //#=> Alerts 45


JavaScript: Light weight wrapper class for window.localStorage

Recently I wrote a small wrapper class around the window.localStorage with useful functionality apart from normal get/set value.

For example Accessors for JSON/Boolean/Number,Event registering for type create/update/remove/clear eventsAPI functionsLS.set(key, value) LS.setJson(key, jsonObject) LS.remove(key) LS.clear() LS.get(key):String LS.getJson(key): JsonObject LS.getNumber(key): Int LS.getBoolean(key):Boolean//Event API LS.on(event, listenerFunction, scope):function//this return function can be used for unregistering from event//different type and listeners callback param events type:'create' listenerFunction callback param: key, value events type:'update' listenerFunction callback param: key, newValue, oldValue events type:'remove' listenerFunction callback param: key events type:'clear' listenerFunction callback param://remove all the registered event for given event type LS.removeAllEventListeners(eventType) Event registering/unregister…

New Features and Enhancements from JDK-5 to JDK-7

As Oracle is preparing for JDK-8 release with most awaited language features " lambda expressions", I was thinking about the java language evolution since I started my IT career.

New features released in JDK-5 were really impressive, and it created lots of interest in language again.

JDK-5 (September 30, 2004)
GenericsEnhanced for LoopAutoboxing/UnboxingTypesafe EnumsVarargsStatic ImportMetadata (Annotations) Collections Framework
JDK-6 (December 11, 2006)
Collections FrameworkScriptingI/O SupportMonitoring and Management for the Java Platform
JDK-7 (July 28, 2011)
Binary LiteralsStrings in switch StatementsThe try-with-resources StatementCatching Multiple Exception Types and Rethrowing Exceptions with Improved Type CheckingUnderscores in Numeric LiteralsType Inference for Generic Instance CreationIO and New IOConcurrency Utilities
Over the past few years, java has become more relevant. It has quietly become the primary foundation for really big companies like Google, LinkedIn,…